The topic of my research paper is to explain the reasons why people are deciding to not to get vaccinated.

Bar-Yam, N. B. (2000). Political Issues: Calling the Shots; A Brief Look at the Vaccination Controversy. International Journal of Childbirth Education15(1), 39–41. Retrieved from

Naomi Bar-Yam in the article, “Political Issues: Calling the Shots” (2000), claims that anti-vaxxers are saying it is a coincidence that diseases began to decrease at the same time that vaccinations were introduced, not that vaccinations were the causative factor for the decrease. Bar-Yam supports her claim by discussing the fact that anti-vaxxers believe that the illness would have gone away on its own and did not need the vaccinations, but the vaccinations did speed up the time it took to eradicate the disease. The author’s purpose is to demonstrate that vaccinations along with other sanitary measures and the use of antibiotics were needed in order to eradicate disease and create a healthier country. The author writes in a serious tone for those who do not believe that vaccinations are important for our society.

Caulfield, T., Marcon, A. R., Murdoch, B. (2017).  Injecting doubt: responding to the naturopathic anti-vaccination rhetoric. Journal of Law and the Biosciences, 229–249 doi:10.1093/jlb/lsx017

Timothy Caulfied in the article, “Injecting doubt: responding to the naturopathic anti-vaccination rhetoric” (2017), claims that naturopathic and homeopathic practitioners are fueling the anti-vaxxer movement by promoting homeopathic products and telling patients that vaccinations are dangerous and unhealthy. Caulfied supports his claim by explaining that vaccination levels may be dropping due to the increased number in people following complementary alternative medicine (CAM), which is against vaccinations, naturopaths are validating patient’s hesitancy towards vaccinations, and are using plant-based products that have no scientific evidence of being effective. The author’s purpose is to suggest that the rise in CAM popularity is causing negative effects in regard to the health of our country due to not vaccinating children in order to get stricter laws enforced on CAM so that those practitioners will be restricted as to what they can and cannot promote. The author writes in a serious tone for those who can have an impact on law making decisions and the followers of CAM.

Fraleigh, J. M. (2009). Vaccination: compliance controversy. RN72(5), 36–40. Retrieved from

In the article, “Vaccination: compliance controversy” (2009), James M. Fraleigh asserts that diseases are coming back to the United States through various reasons for no longer vaccinating children. Fraleigh supports his claim by describing why people are not getting vaccinated because of safety issues, not going to the doctor, cost, and past illness. The author’s purpose is to inform the public that vaccinations are necessary in order to keep the outbreak of dangerous and once eradicated diseases from coming back to the U.S. The author writes in a concerned tone for the overall population living within the United States.

Paternoster M, Scotto R, Saleem FUR, Buonomo AR, Moriello NS, Casella C, Capasso E, Nappa S, Gentile I, Borgia G, Graziano V. Does compulsory vaccination limit personal freedom? Ethical issues. AMJ 2018;11(9):459–464.

Mariano Paternoster in the article, “Does compulsory vaccination limit personal freedom? Ethical Issues” (2018), explains that compulsory vaccination is the only way to get enough herd immunity within an area to protect those who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons. Paternoster supports his claim by describing that by giving people the choice to not vaccinate, they have chosen to refuse treatment thus leading to the comeback of diseases that were once gone and are relying on outdated claims of information. The author’s purpose is to persuade countries to declare that compulsory vaccination is needed in order to ensure the safety of the public. The author writes in a formal tone for medical personnel and government officials.

Rao, T. S. (2011). The MMR vaccine and autism: Sensation, refutation, retraction, and fraud. Indian journal of psychiatry53(2), 95-6.

T. Rao in the article, “The MMR Vaccine and Autism: Sensation, Refutation, Retraction, and Fraud” (2011), explains that the research previously done on the MMR vaccine linking it to Autism is completely false and has been retracted. Rao supports his claim by describing that the researcher, Andrew Wakefield and colleagues, presented these fraudulent findings for financial gain. The author’s purpose is to inform people against vaccinations of the false findings in order to show them that MMR vaccines do not cause Autism or other harm to the child. The author writes in a formal tone to add credibility to the article for the people who still believe that there is a connection between MMR vaccines and Autism, even though it has been proven otherwise.

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Matt Cheney
March 20, 2019 at 10:14 pm

This is well done. And I just today stumbled across some material that may be useful to you — this is from the New Hampshire Public Radio program “The Exchange”:

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